A Soft Landing
By Daina Darzin
The home building and design industry has been riding a spectacular
growth wave the last few years, dovetailing with the U.S. economy
in general. But while they remain cautiously optimistic, housing
and kitchen/bath industry analysts foresee a decided leveling off
It’s a slowdown, they quickly explain, that will not be
nearly as dramatic as downturns of the past, since so many
underlying economic and demographic fundamentals remain solidly in
place. Nevertheless, it will be a slowdown that will no doubt be
noticeable, helping to define a market that should remain very
strong in historic terms, just not as vibrant and fast-growing as
the frenetic, and unsustainable, market of the recent past.
“Our current forecast is calling for a soft landing in 2001,
with activity slowing just a little bit from 2000,” says Walter
Molony, of the National Association of Realtors (NAR). “The housing
market will still be very strong in historic terms, but down from
those record peaks of a couple of years ago.”
That’s pretty much the consensus of most housing industry
“We’re looking at an economy that’s operating
somewhat below trend – not approaching recession, but at a
relatively slow growth rate,” comments David Seiders, chief
economist for the National Association of Home Builders. “Housing
starts did decline between the first and third quarters [of 2000,
and] we’re looking for the numbers to edge off a little bit
more. But, I think the lion’s share of this housing downswing
is behind us.”
Adds Seiders: “There is nothing approaching recession on the
According to the NAHB, housing starts fell about 4.6% from
1999’s level, to 1.598 million units last year, and should
decline another 4.6%, to about 1.524 million units, in 2001.
However, a rebound, to 1.564 million units, is expected in 2002,
the NAHB reports. Single-family starts – recently up around
their peaks – will follow the same pattern, the association
predicts. Currently at a seasonally adjusted annualized rate of
1.261 million units, single-family starts will bottom out in the
fall of 2001, and wind up the year at about 1.212 units, rising to
1.24 million units in 2002 (see Graph 1).
New single-family home sales should follow a similar pattern over
the next two years (see Graph 2).
Existing-home sales are not expected to slip below a healthy
4.7-million-unit-per-year pace in 2001 or 2002, according to the
NAR, which projects existing-home sales of about five million units
in 2000, down 4.9% from 1999, but similar to 1998 levels. The
association forecasts a drop in existing-home sales in 2001,
followed by a stabilization and rebound in 2002 (see Graph 3).
The setbacks being projected for 2001, expected by analysts for
some time, are generally not being viewed with any sense of alarm
– largely because so many underlying fundamentals support
continued industry growth. For one thing, the U.S. homeownership
rate is at an all-time high of about 67%, while household incomes
grow, consumer confidence remains strong and unemployment remains
low. In addition, all indications are that mortgage rates have
peaked, and residential remodeling expenditures –
particularly among professionals – continue to increase.
All of these factors have led kitchen dealers, designers and
manufacturers, by and large, to remain bullish over their 2001
prospects (see related story, Page 52).
“The U.S. economy is setting a new record with each passing
month for the longest string of consecutive months of positive
economic growth, and the end of ‘good times’ is not yet
on our radar screen,” says Lawrence Yun, forecaster for the
National Association of Realtors.
“There’s been some talk of a huge decline, [with all] the
tech stocks going down the tubes. But right now, the
‘R’ word, recession, is not in our vocabulary.”
The KCMA, which has reported 54 consecutive months of growth in
dollar volume among its members, says that overall cabinet demand
actually fell slightly in 2000, to 81.7 million units. The trade
association is projecting 2001 demand to be about the same, with
declines in the new-construction sector being essentially offset by
gains in remodeling.
“What we see is full employment and good income still fueling
the remodeling market,” explains Dick Titus, executive v.p. of the
Kitchen Cabinet Manufacturer’s Association, adding that the
nation’s housing stock continues to age, and the owners of
those homes have the disposable income to upgrade themselves.
“[The market] didn’t slow down as much as people feared;
housing forecasters have been calling for a slowdown of the market
for the last three years,” notes Kermit Baker, director of the
Remodeling Futures Program at the Joint Center of Housing Studies,
Harvard University. “Once we get this deep in an economic
expansion, housing is usually one of the first sectors to moderate
– [but] it hasn’t. It’s continued to expand.
Homes are bigger and better and more expensive.”
Baker, nevertheless, admits that “for the first time in almost a
decade, people are starting to talk about the possibility of a
recession. I don’t think it’s terribly likely that
we’ll see one, [but] I think it will force businesses and
consumers to think a little differently. They’ve been really
on a substantial spending surge recently, and I think that’s
going to slow down. Some consumers will pull in a little bit, and
businesses [may] cut back on their expansion plans.”
However, while warning that problems like high oil prices,
interest rates, the weakening economic expansion, a waffling stock
market and political uncertainties can affect prosperity, economist
Bill Toal says the U.S. construction industry “looks strong,” and
he expects it to remain that way for the foreseeable future.
A number of factors can
impact the economic forecast, including mortgage rates, interest
rates, available housing stock, the performance of the stock
market, the influx of foreign money into the U.S. economy and the
outcome of the Presidential election.
Experts agree that mortgage and interest rates should remain
stable, lending a flat affect to the economy. “I have forecasted
that the interest rates will continue to creep up, but it will be
erratic, in fits and starts and steps, not a gradual thing,”
believes Thomas Loy, chief economist for the construction industry
consultant FMI Corp.
Molony, like many economists, projects a 30-year fixed mortgage
to be right around 7.8% – just under the important
psychological barrier of 8%. “We’re not looking for any great
variation,” he notes. “That should help bring some stability to the
The amount of available housing stock is also a key part in the
equation. “Existing housing has been stronger than new housing,”
notes the NAR’s Yun. “There’s [currently] a very low
level of inventory of housing. Historically, there has been about
six or seven months’ supply of housing for sale [at any given
time].” Recently, that’s been cut to three or four months.
Housing prices have gone up faster than the inflation rate,” Yun
observes. “I think this is actually a good sign for housing starts
– they’re looking for profit incentives. [That brings]
Some economists are less optimistic about the stock market,
given its recent volatility, particularly with tech stocks. The
high-profile failures of some dot.com businesses are also
contributing to some concerns.
“People are more nervous this year,” Loy comments. “You read
more about layoffs here and there, and it begins to dawn on people
that it could [always] happen to them.”
Still, “the amount of capital gains that people who have been in
the stock market for a couple of years have under their belts is
quite substantial,” says Seiders, adding that the weakening of the
stock market has more of a psych-ological effect, particularly in
the entry-level market.
“Most people who invest in stocks are in it for the long term,”
adds Yun, with 401Ks and pension funds the bulk of their stock
market involvement. “There are some people who will be affected,
especially in the high end, but for most families, their decision
concerning home purchases is not too much affected by the stock
Ironically, the market’s turbulence can also have a
positive effect on the housing market, some analysts contend.
Molony, for example, points out that it can lead people to choose
less risky investments, such as real estate.
“The accumulation of wealth in both the stock market and home
equity was a factor in last year’s record [growth] in the
vacation home market,” he adds. “It’s part of portfolio
High end or low?
Opinions do vary
considerably, however, regarding what sectors of the design/build
marketplace will be most affected by the changes in the
“Historically, [the lower market being most affected] has not
been the case,” counters Baker. “It’s the upper end of the
market that gets hurt the most, with higher interest rates. A lot
of that money has recently come from stock market run-ups, and if
higher interest rates in fact slow the stock market, that will
really bite first on the upper end of the market.”
“The upper end of the market tends to be more adversely
affected,” agrees Molony. “When you’ve got a slowdown in the
entry-level market, then people can’t sell their existing
homes to trade up. Most of the new construction today is geared
toward upscale repeat buyers. The typical new home is significantly
larger than [existing housing stock].”
“The market cannot function in pieces,” insists Seiders,
pointing out that even high-end consumers need to sell their
existing home before committing to a larger one. “The various
components of the market always move in the same direction.”
Opinions also differ as to how the economy will affect the
“I think that’s going to get a bit of a shot in the arm
this year,” believes Loy. “The people who find it not practical to
buy another house may well put more into remodeling, making things
nicer where they are.”
“Historically, that has not been the case,” counters Baker.
“There is the notion that remodeling is the countercyclical market
for housing; the evidence is that it is less cyclical. Housing
numbers will bump up and down 15%-20%; remodeling numbers tend to
be more moderate. But, [both markets] tend to be influenced by the
same thing – if you’re paying higher interest rates and
financing that upper-end home improvement and you’re nervous
about the economic outlook, you’re going to probably hold off
doing anything until things get a little more clear.”
“We are bravely forecasting that the real value of remodeling
activity will hold steady next year,” says Seiders. Consumers do
sometimes pick remodeling over buying a new house, he believes, and
“also, it’s just a market that does not have as much
short-term ups and downs.” Seiders points out that most residential
remodeling jobs aren’t financed by credit – and, as a
result, are less affected by interest rate swings than home
Overall, however, “the remodeling market usually moves in the
same direction as [the housing market],” Seiders observes. “A lot
of remodeling is done within a fairly short period [after buying a
home]. We have a lot of wealth gains in housing, capital gain
accumulation, and house prices have been moving up quite well for
the last couple of years, so homeowners have a lot of untapped
housing equity at their disposal.”
Who is buying?
In terms of buying power,
baby boomers are still key because of sheer strength of numbers.
“They’re at the height of their earning years,” says Molony.
“These are the people who are [currently] trading up to the larger,
more expensive properties – and also trading down to smaller
primary residences and buying vacation homes.”
“The most rapidly growing age groups are 55-64 and 44-54,”
Seiders explains. “This is heavily an era of trade-up and edging
into managed communities. We expect the trade-up market to be
strong. The second home market has been very good. The starter home
market is going to be okay, but there is some weakness in the
growth of the [younger] age groups [today].”
Twenty-something “dot.commers” are also making an impact in
areas with burgeoning high-tech industries. “That’s part of
the overall picture for sure,” states Titus. “The tech sector is
still strong and they’re still acquiring things. That’s
their lifestyle. They’re looking for something different and
that helps fuel more finishes, more accessories, more [high-tech]
appliances. That’s a significant, strong part of our
Titus also notes that immigrants who are coming to the U.S. for
high-tech jobs are also fueling this market. “They’ve taken
productive jobs in the economy and bought into the American Dream,”
he explains. “They believe in houses and remodeling and doing
things. That’s helped offset the lower birth rates in other
“Right now, we are [currently] seeing first time home buyers
[purchasing] at a later age,” thinks Yun, noting that they are more
inclined to buy homes in their mid- rather than early thirties.
Overall, the message seems to be not to panic, but don’t
go crazy with expansion plans for your business, either.
“The Fed has been working very hard to slow the economy,” says
Baker. “It looks like those interest rate hikes are finally
starting to catch hold, slowing down the economy. Our sense is that
housing and remodeling are going to follow suit in 2001.”
In other words, business will still be good – just a good
deal quieter. KBDN
Kitchen and Bath Dealers Remain Bullish About 2001
The measured caution expressed by most kitchen/bath industry
analysts is being reflected in the sentiments of some dealers and
designers – but most remain enthusiastic and expansive about
their business plans for 2001.
“Our year was fabulous in 2000,” says Trish Mauro, CKD, CBD, of
the Orange, CT-based Mauro & Co., whose business is split about
evenly between remodeling and new construction, and reported 25%
growth last year.
Mauro is looking to grow even more in 2001. “I just hired two
people,” she notes. “We’re training them, we’re moving
our showroom,” increasing space from 2,500 sq. ft. to 7,000. “That
won’t be all showroom. We’re going to have our shop
right there and we need to increase office space. Six years ago
there were three of us, now there’s 13-14.”
Others report similar results.
“Business is booming. We’ve had a terrific year,” reports
Chris Nicole Prince, of Simon’s Hardware and Bath, in New
York City. “In 2000, we went on a very sophisticated computer
system and also expanded our showroom. We bought the building next
to us, cut through and had construction for months.” Despite that
disruption in their business, Prince says Simon’s is meeting
Simon’s future plans, Prince notes, include more warehouse
space in the company’s Long Island City facility.
Simon’s also plans to fine-tune its customer service program,
to market to consumers and to expand its existing business to local
contractors, cabinet and furniture makers.
“We’re going to open up an outlet center in Queens,” which
will include closeouts and lower-end items, Prince notes.
Bud Essig, of the Columbus, OH-based Carr Supply, has also
gotten mileage out of his company’s award-winning showroom
redesign. He notes that his business in the kitchen and bath arena
was spectacular, with upscale faucets and whirlpools particularly
strong sellers, frequently for upgrading new construction
Essig forecasts a modest 5-7% increase in sales for 2001, “if
interest rates stay at a reasonable level.” His marketing plans
include conducting cooking demonstrations for designers as a way of
promoting appliances, and getting more mileage out of his new Web
site. “We haven’t really promoted it yet – we’ve
gotten some calls but not many,” he notes. “We’re not ready
for it yet. We’re mainly wholesale oriented. We mainly sell
through dealers, designers, builders and plumbing contractors.
We’re not ready to handle a lot of retail.”
Gary White, president of Kitchen & Bath Design in Newport
Beach, CA, says his design firm is currently “rocking and rolling.”
He, too, plans to increase his staff and enlarge his office space.
“We’re looking to exceed our 2000 numbers by 50%,” he says,
adding that he’d been turning down business because of health
and staff problems in 2000. “We’re converting one of our
kitchen displays to a home office display and it’ll become an
active office as well as a display,” White says, adding that
he’s looking to market more aggressively to his referral
base, as well conduct more “guerilla-based marketing” – for
example, calling on architects and designers. “We’re going to
be more proactive,” he says.
In terms of demographics, White notes an increase in newly rich,
twentysomething dot.commer clients. “We see people coming in
[wearing] shorts and a backwards baseball cap who bought a house
that’s four times what I could afford,” says White. “They
don’t have any idea of what things cost and they don’t
care. This buyer is after something different and better, and
personal attention.” Ironically, White notes that this segment of
his customer base often requests very traditional looks, while his
older, baby boomer clients want something that’s easier to
take care of, such as Shaker or Craftsman-based retro designs.
“The young [consumers] are out there buying these fabulous
homes, they have a lot of money behind them and no worries about
anything,” confirms Mauro.
“It’s a younger customer and an older customer,” believes
Prince, who explains that previously, older people were opting to
move to a smaller space, whereas now, they’re remodeling
their “empty-nest” home to make it their dream house.
Dealers and designers surveyed by K&BDN also differ on
whether they consider the overall economy and housing market a
factor in their success.
“I don’t care about housing starts,” reports White, who
says that growth is primarily contingent on a company’s
target market. “When new construction is up, you need to step up
your relationship with the architectural community. When remodeling
is high, you have to step up your more basic types of
The Presidential election and overall economic forecast also
register differently with dealers surveyed by K&BDN.
Prince says Simon’s decision to buy the building next door
rather than expand into retail outlets throughout Manhattan was
based on the company’s cautious approach to the economy. “I
don’t want to assume tremendous debt,” she explains. “We as a
company made a very conscious decision that we weren’t going
to wait until there are [negative] economic indicators. We saw
competitors putting up multi locations and I didn’t want to
go down that road. I’ve tried to make us as recession-proof
as I could.”
“I don’t spend a lot of time worrying about [the election
crisis], says Mauro. “If you keep working hard and focus, it
doesn’t affect us in any way, shape or form. Our business
continues to grow.”